During the course of life our body is changing. This is also due to the urinary bladder and the prostate.
The prostate is an organ of the male, located below the bladder lying on the pelvic floor. The urethra takes its course from the bladder neck through the prostate, the outer sphincter and finally as penile urethra through the penis. Among other reasons changes in the hormone balance lead to an increase in prostate size.
On the one hand, the prostate can grow outward, thus increasing measurable volume; On the other hand, there is a possibility the prostate is growing inwards. If this happens, the free diameter of the prostatic urethra is consequently narrowed (prostate with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)). The bladder muscle must work against increased resistance.Changes in the hormone-balance and the aging process lead to a change in the prostatic
anatomy: it becomes larger. We call it the benign enlargement of the prostate – the benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This will your bladder emptying.
The resulting complaints – the „lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) – are a frequent cause of discomfort, frustration and a reduced quality of life for those affected and their partners.
The principle of any surgery to eliminate the symptomatic enlargement of the prostate gland is the removal of the prostate adenoma that narrows the prostatic urethra. The prostate consists of the narrowing adenoma tissue and a capsule that surrounds the adenoma like an orange peel.
One differentiates the open operation through the abdominal wall and the transurethral operations through the urethra.
Operation through the abdominal wall
In open surgery, the so-called simple prostatectomy, the prostate adenoma is removed by abdominal incision. This procedure is usually performed in prostates greater than 100 ml. The indication also depends on the preference of the urological department. This method is invasive and looses its importance due to the increasing prevalence of HoLEP (Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate).
Transurethral operations through the urethra
Surgery through the urethra can be classified as melting down and tissue-ablative procedures. In the melting process, the tissue is „melted down“ by heat energy (eg „Green Light Laser“). These methods are usually the gentlest but mostly only after a delay effective.
The classical prostate operation through the urethra, means peeling the adenoma with an electric loop through the urethra (transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)). This procedure produces prostate „chips“ which are then rinsed out of the bladder via the urethra.